Superficial venous thrombosis refer to a condition where a blood clot is formed in a superficial vein, that is a vein that is close to the skin surface.
This condition has bee known to occur in the legs, but in other instances there have been cases where by the condition has been found on the arms or the neck.
There is no predisposition with this condition, any one can develop it. All the same, research has shown that there are more women afflicted by this condition than men.
There are several factors that can lead or contribute to the development of superficial venous thrombosis.
– Some of the very common factors include; when someone has recently be injected with a catheter, an IV or an injection to the vein.
– Another contributing factor is when someone remains in one position either sitting or lying down for a very long time for instance during long distance travel.
– Another cause is when one is suffering from blood clot disorders. When one is suffering from obesity, they are more susceptible to this condition.
– Another risk factor contributing to this condition is smoking. When one is under oral contraceptives or other hormone replacement medication, they are at risk of developing this condition.
– Another risk factor is having a reaction to cancer medication.
– There are also other rare but serious contributing factors that cause superficial venous thrombosis, such as; pancreatic cancer, Factor V Leiden- a disorder that causes blood clots, a gene mutation known as prothrombin and thromboangiitis obliterans-which refers to the blockage of the blood vessels in both the hands or feet.
– Another very rare cause is protein S and protein C deficiencies.
The symptoms associated with superficial venous thrombosis are as follows; one develops inflammation and redness on the skin along the path of a vein. Another symptom is when you notice warmness of tissue along the vein.
Tenderness and pain on tissue surrounding vein, this pain increases when pressure is applied. Another symptom is pain in the limbs, either the hands or feet.
The darkening of the skin around a vein and also the hardening of the veins. If one experiences any of the mentioned symptoms, they should seek immediate medical attention as this may be as a result of a more serious underlying condition.
The diagnosis of superficial venous thrombosis is fairly straight forward, as the doctor only needs to examine the affected area of the skin. For a more comprehensive diagnosis the doctor may perform the following tests.
Doppler Ultrasound, which is a device that uses sound waves to measure blood flow. Another test might be venography, which is a special x-ray that is used to capture blood flow by injecting a special dye into the blood stream. Another device that might be used for diagnosis is Magnetic Resonance imaging to scan for blood clots.
Most superficial venous thrombosis conditions are treated at home, this is done by massaging the affected area in a bid to cause blood to resume normal flow.
For the case of inflammations, over the counter medicine such as ibuprofen can be prescribed by your doctor. For more serious conditions, it may call for the stripping of the vein, this normally occurs to persons with varicose veins. You can learn more about that on http://www.varicoseveinssolution.com